Dr. Hina Altaf Dermatologist

Nail Fungus

Nail Fungus

Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a fungal infection of the nail. It is caused by various types of fungi, including dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds. 

Symptoms of nail fungus include thickened, discolored, or brittle nails, as well as separation of the nail from the nail bed. It can be painful and may also cause a foul odor, not to mention it is aesthetically upsetting. 

Risk factors

An individual might contract a fungal infection by coming into contact with surfaces that are contaminated, such as shower floors, swimming pools, and nail salons.

Risk factors for onychomycosis include advanced age,  underlying conditions like diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, and a weakened immune system. 


For some patients, treatment is advocated to alter the quality of life. Their unsightly nails may socially impair these patients. For others the treatment may be recommended to prevent pain from pressure on the thickened nail. For diabetics and patients with decreased peripheral circulation, treatment may be indicated to decrease the risk of secondary bacterial infection.

Treatment may include topical or oral antifungal medications, as well as surgical removal of the affected nail in severe cases. It is important to seek treatment early to prevent the infection from spreading to other nails or causing further damage.

Preventive measures include keeping nails clean and dry, avoiding walking barefoot in public areas, wearing shoes that fit well and more importantly avoid sharing personal items such as nail clippers or shoes.

Minimal Downtime

You can return to your daily routine immediately after

Immediate Results

Results within 24 to 48 hours, with full results in 30 days

Painless Procedure

Brief period of discomfort during the injection, similar to a pinch

Results That Last

Effects typically last for several months

Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common fungal infection that affects the nails. It is usually caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes, but it can also be caused by yeast or molds. Nail fungus typically starts as a white or yellow spot under the tip of the nail and can spread deeper into the nail if left untreated, causing discoloration, thickening, and brittleness.
Nail fungus can be contracted through direct contact with an infected person or by coming into contact with surfaces or objects contaminated with the fungus. It thrives in warm, moist environments, such as public swimming pools, locker rooms, and showers. Certain risk factors, such as having a weakened immune system, wearing tight-fitting shoes, having a history of athlete's foot, or sustaining a nail injury, can increase the likelihood of developing nail fungus.
Treatment options for nail fungus include topical antifungal medications, oral antifungal medications, and in some cases, a combination of both. Topical treatments are applied directly to the affected nails, while oral medications are taken by mouth. In severe cases or when the infection doesn't respond to other treatments, the affected nail may need to be surgically removed. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist to determine the most appropriate treatment option for your specific condition.
The duration of treatment for nail fungus can vary depending on the severity of the infection, the type of treatment used, and individual factors. In general, treating nail fungus can take several months, as the infected nail needs time to grow out and be replaced by a healthy nail. It's important to follow the treatment plan recommended by your healthcare professional and be patient during the healing process.
To help prevent nail fungus, it's important to practice good foot and nail hygiene. This includes keeping your nails clean and dry, regularly trimming and filing your nails, avoiding tight-fitting shoes and non-breathable socks, wearing sandals or flip-flops in public areas with wet floors, and using antifungal powders or sprays in your shoes. Additionally, avoid sharing personal items like nail clippers or files with others and treat any underlying conditions, such as athlete's foot, promptly to prevent the spread of fungus.
Nail Fungus

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Dr. Hinah Altaf’s clinic is currently at Gargash Hospital, 145 Umm Suqeim Street – Umm Al Sheif -Dubai.